This name is a synonym of Rosa caesia subsp. glauca (Nyman) G.G.Graham & A.L.Primavesi.
The record derives from RJP
(data supplied on 2011-10-18)
which reports it as a synonym (record 398) with original publication details: Utkast til en Svensk flora Utkast til en Svensk flora; 1816 715 1816.
This name record (from RJP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Rosa afzeliana in version 1 of The Plant List.