This name is a synonym of Geum urbanum L..
The record derives from RJP
(data supplied on 2011-10-18)
which reports it as a synonym (record 32045) with original publication details: Flora lituanica inchoata Flora lituanica inchoata; 1782 258 1782.
This name record (from RJP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Geum caryophyllata in version 1 of The Plant List.