This name is a synonym of Potentilla sterilis (L.) Garcke.
The record derives from RJP
(data supplied on 2011-10-18)
which reports it as a synonym (record 19157) with original publication details: Tentamen florae germanicae Tentamen florae germanicae; 1788 577 1789.
This name record (from RJP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Comarum fragarioides in version 1 of The Plant List.