This name is a synonym of Geum aleppicum Jacq..
The record derives from RJP
(data supplied on 2011-10-18)
which reports it as a synonym (record 10562) with original publication details: Flora USSR Flora USSR; 1934 255 1941.
This name record (from RJP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Geum potaninii in version 1 of The Plant List.