This name is a synonym of Tulipa sylvestris subsp. australis (Link) Pamp..
The record derives from WCSP
(data supplied on 2012-03-23)
which reports it as a synonym (record 460231) with original publication details: Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 384 1912.
This name record (from WCSP) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Tulipa gallica in version 1 of The Plant List.