This name is a synonym of Cucumis prophetarum subsp. dissectus (Naudin) C.Jeffrey.
The record derives from WCSP (in review)
(data supplied on 2012-03-23)
which reports it as a synonym with original publication details: Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 5: 108 1894.
This name record (from WCSP (in review)) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Cucumis pustulatus in version 1 of The Plant List.