This name is a synonym of Primula sieboldii E.Morren.
The record derives from WCSP (in review)
(data supplied on 2012-03-23)
which reports it as a synonym and as an illegitimate name with original publication details: Fl. Sibir. 4: 17 1926.
This name record (from WCSP (in review)) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Primula patens in version 1 of The Plant List.