This name is a synonym of Ranunculus distans D.Don.
The record derives from WCSP (in review)
(data supplied on 2012-03-23)
which reports it as a synonym and as an illegitimate name with original publication details: Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 53 1834.
This name record (from WCSP (in review)) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Ranunculus laetus in version 1 of The Plant List.