This name is a synonym of Solidago bicolor L..
The record derives from TICA
(data supplied on 2012-02-11)
which reports it as a synonym (record 30C57851-3D8E-496A-91FD-34B31D662BCD).
This name record (from TICA) was not included in version 1 of The Plant List. It is possible the same name was included from a different data source, to check this you can search for Aster bicolor in version 1 of The Plant List.