Gymnosperms are seed-bearing vascular plants, such as cycads, ginkgo, yews and conifers, in which the ovules or seeds are not enclosed in an ovary. The word "gymnosperm" comes from the Greek word gymnospermos, meaning "naked seeds". Gymnosperm seeds develop either on the surface of scale or leaf-like appendages of cones, or at the end of short stalks.
The largest group of living gymnosperms are the conifers (pines, cypresses and relatives) and the smallest is ginkgo, a single living plant species found in China.
There are around 1000 species of gymnosperm.
You can also browse genera found in Gymnosperms.
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Species of Gymnosperms contained within The Plant List belong to 12 plant families and 88 plant genera.
The Plant List includes 4,651 scientific plant names of species rank for the Gymnosperms. Of these 1,104 are accepted species names.
The Plant List includes a further 3,676 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the Gymnosperms. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names.
The status of the 4,651 species names for the Gymnosperms recorded in The Plant List, are as follows:
The status of the 8,327 names (including infraspecific names) for the Gymnosperms recorded in The Plant List, are as follows:
Of the species names,
A further 9 name records indicate where names have been misapplied.
The confidence with which the status of the 4,651 species names recorded in The Plant List for the Gymnosperms, are assigned as follows:
The source of the species name records found in The Plant List for the Gymnosperms is as follows:
|Source of record||Accepted||Synonym||Unplaced||Unassessed||Misapplied||Total|
|WCSP (in review)||0||0||0||1||0||1||0.0%|