The Plant List — A working list for all plant species

Carduus

The genus Carduus is in the family Compositae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants).

Statistics are at the end of the page.

Species in Carduus

See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions.

Name Status Confi­dence level Source Date supplied Infra. rec.
Carduus × abruzzensis Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthocephalus C.A.Mey. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthoides Pall. ex M.Bieb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthoides Huds. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthoides d'Urv. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthoides Hornem. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthoides L. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acanthoides Gren. & Godr. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acaulescens (A.Gray) Rydb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acaulis Thunb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus acicularis Bertol. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus adpressus C.A.Mey. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus affinis Guss. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus afromontanus R.E.Fr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus aitonii Raeusch. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus albescens Rouy Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × alleizettei Arènes Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus altissimus Gilib. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus amanus Rech.f. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus angusticeps H.Lindb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus antarcticus Auct. ex Steud. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus arabicus Jacq. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × aragonensis Devesa & Talavera Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus argemone Pourr. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus argemonoides Rouy Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus argentatus L. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus argyroa Biv. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × arvaticus Font Quer & Rothm. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus asturicus Franco Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus aurosicus Chaix Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus aurosicus Vill. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus baeocephalus Webb Accepted L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × bergadensis Sennen Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus borbasii Javorka Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus bourgaeanus Sch.Bip. ex Boiss. & Reut. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus bourgaei Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus brownii Eastw. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus brownii Eastw. ex A.Heller Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus brunneri Döll Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus budaianus Jáv. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × bunbergii Hausm. ex Kern. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cadevallii Sennen Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus caeruleus Brot. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus caesius Andrz. ex Trautv. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus calabricus Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus callosus Steud. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus camplonensis Devesa & Talavera Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus candicans Waldst. & Kit. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus candicans W. & K. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus candissimus Greene Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cantabricus Devesa & Talavera Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus carduelis (L.) Gren. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus carlinoides Gouan Accepted L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus carolorum Howie & Jenner Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus centauroides D.Don Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus centauroides Buch.-Ham. ex DC. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cephalanthus Viv. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cernuus L. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus chevallieri Barratte ex L.Chevall. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus chrysacanthus Ten. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cichoraceus Cyr. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus ciliatus Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cinerascens Hort.Huber Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus cinerescens Huber Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus clavulatus Link Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus collinus Waldst. & Kit. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus × conjugens R.E. Fr. Accepted M TRO 2012-04-18
Carduus conjungens R.E.Fr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus conrathii Hayek Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus corymbosus Ten. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus crispus Gouan Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus crispus Guirão ex Nyman Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus crispus L. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × cyrneus Schlüssel & Jeanm. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus dahuricus (Arènes) Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus defloratus L. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 7
Carduus demidecurrens Franch. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus diversifolius Wall. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus drummondii Rydb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus drummondii (Torr. & A.Gray) Greene Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus dubius Balb. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × durieuanus Font Quer & Rothm. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus edelbergii Rech.f. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus elegans Pall. ex Georgi Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus estivali Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus euboicus Franco Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus fallax Borbás Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus fasciculiflorus Viv. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus flaccidum Small Accepted M TRO 2012-04-18
Carduus forsteri Bab. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × gentyanus Gillot. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus getulus Pomel Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus gigas Bernardino Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus gilloti Rouy Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus glaber Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus glaberrimus Lojac. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus glaucus Ledeb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus glycacanthus Sibth. & Sm. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus gnaphalodes Cyr. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus grassensis Briq. & Cavill. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus grenieri Sch.Bip. ex Nyman Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus guadarramicus Sennen Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × gyoerffyanus J.Wogner Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × halanensis Degen & Lengyel Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus hamulosus Ehrh. Accepted L TICA 2012-02-11 4
Carduus × haussknechtii Bornm. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × heteromorphus Sennholz Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus hohenackeri Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus ibanezii Pau Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus ibicensis (Devesa & Talavera) Rosselló & N.Torres Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × ilvensis Prodan Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus indicus Klein ex Wall. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus intercedens Hausskn. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus intermedius Steud. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus ipe Boros Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus javorkae L.Vojda Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus jordanii Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus juratzkae Beck Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus keniensis R.E.Fr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus kerneri Simonk. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 2
Carduus kirghisicus Sultanova Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus knorringianus Tamamsch. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus kotovskyi Sosn. ex Grossh. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus kumaunensis (Arènes) Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lanatus Brot. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lanceatus Hill Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lanceolatus Lour. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lanuginosus Willd. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus laxiflorus Tausch Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus leptacanthus Fresen. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus leptocephalus Peterm. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus leptocladus Durieu Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus leridanus Devesa & Talavera Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lesurinus Rouy Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus linearifolius Greene Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus litigiosus Nocca & Balb. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus × littoralis Borbás Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lobulatus Borbás Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lomaxi Pau Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus loreti Rouy Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus lusitanicus Rouy Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus macedonicus Charrel. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus macracanthus Sch.Bip. ex Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus macrocephalus Coss. ex Willk. & Lange Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus macrocephalus Wall. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus macrocephalus Coss. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus majellensis "Huter, Porta & Rigo" Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus malyi Greuter Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus mariae Garsault Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus maritimum Elmer Accepted L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus martinezii Pau Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus megacephalus A.Gray Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus megacephalus (A.Gray) Nutt. ex Daniels Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus megacephalus Smyth Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus membranaceus Lojac. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus meonanthus Hoffmanns. & Link Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus meratii Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus merxmuelleri Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus mexicanus Moric. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus microcephalus Ten. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus millefolius R.E.Fr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × mixtus Corb. Accepted L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus modestii Tamamsch. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus mollis Vill. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus monocephalus Schur Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus montis-majoris Teyber Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × moritzii Brügger Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus mouillefarinii Rouy Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus muellneri Sennholz Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus myriacanthus Salzm. ex DC. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus myriacanthus Salzm. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus naegelii Brügger Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus nawaschinii Bordz. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus nervosus K.Koch Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus newbouldii Druce Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus nigrescens Vill. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 4
Carduus novorossicus Portenier Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus nuriae Sennen. & Pau Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus nutans L. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 14
Carduus nutantiformis Shuttlew. ex Rouy Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × nyaradyanus Degen ex Nyár. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus nyassanus (S.Moore) R.E.Fr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus occidentalis Nutt. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus oliganthus Gand. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus olympicus Boiss. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus onopordioides Fisch. ex M.Bieb. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 4
Carduus onopordoides Fisch. ex Bieb. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Carduus onopyxos Hill Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus opistolobus Pau Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × orthocephalus Wallr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus palustris Savi Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus pancicii Sch.Bip. ex Nyman Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus paniculatus Aiton Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus pauciflorus Pers. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus pectinatus Popov & a.wed. ex Iljin Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus peisonis Teyber Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus personata (L.) Jacq. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus personatus Gaertn. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus poliochrus Trautv. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × polyacanthus Schleich. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Carduus polyanthemos hegel ex Heer Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × polyanthemus Schleich. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus polyanthos Boiss. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus potosinus Greene Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × predealus Nyár. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × pseudohamulosus Beck Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus puechii Coste Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus pulcher E.D.Clarke Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus pumilus D.Don Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus purpureus Vill. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × pycnocephaloformis Arènes Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus pycnocephalus L. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 4
Carduus ramosissimus Pančić Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus rechingerianus Kazmi Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus rhaeticus Dalla Torre Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus rigens Dryand. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × rigens Godr. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus rivasgodayanus Devesa & Talavera Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus ruwenzoriensis S.Moore Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus salinus M.Bieb. ex Steud. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus sardous DC. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus schimperi Sch.Bip. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 2
Carduus schulzeanus Ruhmer Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × schuri Nyár. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus scopulorum Rydb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus segetum Larrañaga Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus seminudus M.Bieb. ex M.Bieb. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × semiperegrinus Aellen Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus sepincolus Hausskn. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus septentrionalis Devesa & Talavera Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus silvarum R.E.Fr. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus solteszii Budai Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus spachianus Durieu Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 2
Carduus spinosissimus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus spinosissimus C.A.Mey. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus spinulosus Glaab Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus squarrosus (DC.) DC. ex Lowe Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × stiriacus Beck Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus talassicus Korovin ex Iljin Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus tataricus Lam. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus tenuiflorus Curtis Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × theriotii Rouy Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus thracicus (Velen.) Hayek Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus tmoleus Boiss. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 2
Carduus tortuosus Gorl. & Ye.M.Kondr. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus transcaspicus Gand. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11 1
Carduus truncatus Greene ex Rydb. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus tuberosus Georgi Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus tuberosus Jacq. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus tuberosus Vill. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus turocensis Margittai Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus uliginosus Hort. ex Steud. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus umbrosus Simonk. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus uncinatus M.Bieb. Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × vaillantii Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus vallisolitanus Pau Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus variabilis Arènes Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus verdii Carrière Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × verlotii Arènes Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × veronensis Arènes Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus viciosoi Pau Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus virginianus Walter Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus viridiflorus Greene Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus volutarioides Reyes-Bet. Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus vranjanus Adamović ex Hayek Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus weizensis Hayek Accepted M TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus × winklerianus Dalla Torre Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus xanthacanthus Freyn Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11
Carduus zetterstedtianus Rouy Unresolved L TICA 2012-02-11

Statistics

The Plant List includes 559 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Carduus. Of these 130 are accepted species names.

The Plant List includes a further 297 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Carduus. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names.

Species names

The status of the 559 species names for the genus Carduus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows:

Pie chart of binomial name statuses
Status Total
Accepted 130 23.3%
Synonym 279 49.9%
Unplaced 0 0%
Unassessed 150 26.8%

All names

The status of the 856 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Carduus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows:

Pie chart of all name statuses
Status Total
Accepted 186 21.7%
Synonym 515 60.2%
Unplaced 0 0%
Unassessed 155 18.1%

Of the species names,

The confidence with which the status of the 559 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Carduus, are assigned as follows:

Confidence level Accepted Synonym Unplaced Unassessed Total
High confidence 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Medium confidence 125 267 0 0 392 70.1%
Low confidence 5 12 0 150 167 29.9%

The source of the species name records found in The Plant List for the genus Carduus is as follows:

Source of record Accepted Synonym Unplaced Unassessed Misapplied Total
TICA 128 279 0 148 0 555 99.3%
Tropicos 2 0 0 2 0 4 0.7%