The Plant List — A working list for all plant species

Betula

The genus Betula is in the family Betulaceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants).

Statistics are at the end of the page.

Species in Betula

See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions.

Name Status Confi­dence level Source Date supplied Infra. rec.
Betula alajica Litv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula albosinensis Burkill Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula alleghaniensis Britton Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula alnoides Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × alpestris Fr. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × alpina Kindb. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula angulata Steud. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula apoiensis Nakai ex H.Hara Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × aschersoniana Hayek Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula ashburneri McAll. & Rushforth Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × aurata Borkh. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula austrosichotensis V.N.Vassil. & V.I.Baranov Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × avatshensis Kom. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × baicalensis Sukaczev Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula baschkirica Tzvelev Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula bomiensis P.C.Li Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × borggreveana Zabel ex H.J.P.Winkl. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula borggreveana Zabel ex H. Winkl. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula × bottnica Mela Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula browicziana Güner Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × caerulea Blanch. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula calcicola (W.W.Sm.) P.C.Li Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula callosa Lindq. Accepted M TRO 2012-04-18
Betula camtschatica Regel Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula carelica Merk. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula ceratoptera G.H.Liu & Y.C.Ma Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula chichibuensis H.Hara Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula chinensis Maxim. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula chitralica Browicz Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula ciliata Steud. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula collina Nakai Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula coriacea Pamp. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula coriaceifolia V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula corylifolia Griff. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula corylifolia Regel & Maxim. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula costata Trautv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula cryptocarpa Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula cyclophylla Nakai Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula cylindrostachya Lindl. ex Wall. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula cylindrostachys Wall. ex Diels Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula dahurica Pall. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula darvasica Ovcz., Czukav. & Shibkova Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula delavayi Franch. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula divaricata Ledeb. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula dolicholepis Ovcz., Czukav. & Shibkova Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × dugleana Lepage Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × dutillyi Lepage Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × eastwoodiae Sarg. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × eastwoodiae Dugle Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula ermanii Cham. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 1
Betula ethmensis Raf. ex Regel Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula falcata V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula ferganensis V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula finituma Notø Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula forrestii Hand.-Mazz. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula fruticosa Pall. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula fujianensis J.Zeng, Jian H.Li & Z.D.Chen Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula glabrata Wahlenb. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula glaebosa Notø Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × glandulosa Berl. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula glandulosa Michx. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula globispica Shirai Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula grossa Siebold & Zucc. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × grossii Natho Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula guthriei Sudw. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula halophila Ching Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × harcynica Wender. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula harcynica Wender. ex Steud. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula heptopotamica V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula honanensis S.Y.Wang & C.L.Chang Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × hornei E.J.Butler Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula hornei B.T. Butler Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula × humilis Fr. ex Regel Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula humilis Schrank Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × hybrida Bechst. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula insignis Franch. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × intermedia Thomas ex Rchb. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × jackii C.K.Schneid. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula jackii C.K. Schneid. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula jarmolenkoana Golosk. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula jiaodongensis S.B.Liang Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula jinpingensis P.C.Li Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula jiulungensis P.C.Li ex Q.Lin Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula karagandensis V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula kenaica W.H.Evans Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula kirghisorum Sawicz Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula klokovii Zaver. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × koehnei C.K.Schneid. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula korshinskyi Litv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula kotulae Zaver. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula kunarensis Browicz Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × kusmisscheffii (Regel) Sukaczev Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × lagopina Hartm. ex Regel Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula lanata (Regel) V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula latifolia Andrz. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula lenta L. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 1
Betula litwinowii Doluch. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula luminifera H.J.P.Winkl. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula margusarica V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula maximowicziana Regel Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula media Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula medwedieaii Regel Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula medwediewii Regel Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula megalocarpa Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula megrelica Sosn. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula michauxii Spach Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula microphylla Bunge Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula minor (Tuck.) Fernald Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula murgabica V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × murrayana B.V.Barnes & Dancik Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula nakaiana Tatew. & Hurus. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula nana L. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 3
Betula neoalaskana Sarg. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula nigra L. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula obscura Kotula Accepted M TRO 2012-04-18
Betula occidentalis Hook. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula ovalifolia Rupr. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula ovczinnikovii V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula oxytzowiensis Dippel Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula × pallescens Larss. ex Kindb. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula palmiformis Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula pamirica Litv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula papyrifera Marshall Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 1
Betula paramushirensis Barkalov Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula pendula Roth Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 2
Betula × piperi C.L. Hitchc. Accepted M TRO 2012-04-18
Betula platyphylla Sukaczev Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 3
Betula platyptera Kindb. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula plettkei Junge Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula populifolia Marshall Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula potamophila V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula potaninii Batalin Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula procurva Litv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 2
Betula psammophila V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × pseudocarpatica Simonk. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × pseudomiddendorffii V.N. Vassil. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula pubentissima V.N.Vassil. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula pubescens Ehrh. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 3
Betula pulchella Dippel Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula pumila L. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × purpusii C.K.Schneid. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula purpusii C.K. Schneid. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula pyrolifolia V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula raddeana Trautv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × raymundii Lepage Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula regeliana V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula resinifera Royle Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula rhombifolia Nutt. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula rockii (Rehder) C.-A.Jansson Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula rosae H.J.P.Winkl. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × rosendahlii Butters & Abbe Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula rossica Miniaev Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula rubra Regel Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula ruprechtiana Trautv. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula rustica Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula saksarensis Polozhij & A.T.Malzeva Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × sandbergii Britton Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula sandbergii Britton Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula saposhnikovii Sukaczev Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × sargentii Dugle Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula saviczii V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula schmidtii Regel Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × seideliana Missbach Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula seravschanica V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula setarioides H. Winkl. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula silvatica Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula silvestris Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula songarica Regel Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula subaequalis Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula subalpina Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula × subtricholepidea Kindb. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × sukaczevii Soczeva Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula × sukatschewii Soczava Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula sunanensis Y.J.Zhang Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula szechuanica (C.K.Schneid.) C.-A.Jansson Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula tadzhikistanica V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula tianschanica Rupr. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula tilliifolia Laest. Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula transsilvanica Schur Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula triphylla Thunb. Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula turkestanica Litv. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula tuturinii V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × uliginosa Dugle Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × utahensis Britton Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × utahensis Dugle Unresolved L TRO 2012-04-18
Betula utilis D.Don Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23 2
Betula × vologdensis Tzvelev Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula vulcani H.Lév. & Vaniot Unresolved L WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × winteri Dugle Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula wuyiensis J.B.Xiao Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula × zimpelii Junge Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23
Betula zinserlingii V.N.Vassil. Accepted H WCSP 2012-03-23

Statistics

The Plant List includes 468 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Betula. Of these 119 are accepted species names.

The Plant List includes a further 486 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Betula. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names.

Species names

The status of the 468 species names for the genus Betula recorded in The Plant List, are as follows:

Pie chart of binomial name statuses
Status Total
Accepted 119 25.4%
Synonym 275 58.8%
Unplaced 0 0%
Unassessed 74 15.8%

All names

The status of the 954 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Betula recorded in The Plant List, are as follows:

Pie chart of all name statuses
Status Total
Accepted 136 14.3%
Synonym 742 77.8%
Unplaced 0 0%
Unassessed 76 8.0%

Of the species names,

The confidence with which the status of the 468 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Betula, are assigned as follows:

Confidence level Accepted Synonym Unplaced Unassessed Total
High confidence 116 263 0 0 379 81.0%
Medium confidence 3 10 0 0 13 2.8%
Low confidence 0 2 0 74 76 16.2%

The source of the species name records found in The Plant List for the genus Betula is as follows:

Source of record Accepted Synonym Unplaced Unassessed Misapplied Total
Tropicos 3 12 0 33 0 48 10.3%
WCSP 116 263 0 40 0 419 89.5%
WCSP (in review) 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.2%